1NC — Attacking the “Case”

When you attack the “case” in the 1NC, you are attacking the advantages and the solvency.

In policy debate, attacking an affirmative advantage involves analysing the various components of the advantage through the lens of a disadvantage. A disadvantage typically consists of four main parts: link, internal link, impact, and uniqueness. By examining each part of the advantage using these elements, a negative debater can identify potential vulnerabilities and craft effective arguments to undermine the advantage.

Let’s consider the example you provided, where the affirmative claims to solve climate change by restricting the AI industry, asserting that AI will cause climate change, climate change kills, and climate change is increasing.

  1. Link: The link is the initial scenario or condition that sets the advantage in motion. In the context of the affirmative advantage, the link would be the claim that AI causes climate change. A negative debater could attack this link by challenging the causal relationship between AI and climate change, questioning the evidence or presenting alternative explanations for climate change. On a related note, negative debaters can also present link turns/solvency turns. For example, they could argue that AI supports the development of fusion energy, which will reduce climate change.
  2. Internal Link: The internal link connects the link to the impact, explaining the causal chain of events. In the affirmative advantage, the internal link could be the argument that climate change leads to adverse effects, such as environmental degradation, natural disasters, and loss of life. A negative debater could attack this internal link by questioning relationship between climate change and the impacts.
  3. Impact: The impact is the terminal consequence or ultimate harm that the disadvantage seeks to prevent. In the affirmative advantage, the impact is likely the claim that climate change kills or causes significant harm to human life and the environment. A negative debater could attack this impact by arguing that the impacts are not as severe as claimed, presenting alternative solutions that are emerging to mitigate the impacts, or challenging the magnitude or timeframe of the impacts.
  4. Uniqueness: Uniqueness refers to the argument that the disadvantage is unique to the affirmative plan or that the status quo does not lead to the same disadvantage. In the affirmative advantage, uniqueness could be the claim that restricting the AI industry is necessary to prevent climate change caused by AI. A negative debater could attack uniqueness by arguing that other policies or countries could cause climate change.

Ultimately, by thinking through the parts of a disadvantage and applying them to the affirmative advantage, a negative debater can identify potential weaknesses and craft strategic arguments to undermine the advantage’s claims and credibility.

Sample 1NC vs climate
Sample 1NC vs Racism
Sample 1NC vs Unemployment