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In order to establish that the benefits of GM foods outweigh the harms, Pro teams need to establish offensive reasons why GM foods are good and make defensive arguments against the Con claims that GM foods are bad.
The benefits of Genetically Modified Foods
I will start with the discussion of the offensive arguments – the benefits of the GMOs – and then address the defensive arguments. It will be noted where some of the arguments can also function as defensive arguments.
Before I start, however, it is worth noting that a relatively recent (2016) study by the authoritative National Academy of Sciences reached a consensus on the safety of GMO crops.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Genetically Engineered Crops: Experiences and Prospects (Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2016). This 600 page volume concludes that GM foods are safe.
The available evidence indicates that GE soybean, cotton, and maize have generally had favorable economic outcomes for producers who have adopted these crops, but outcomes have been heterogeneous depending on pest abundance, farming practices, and agricultural infrastructure. The crops with the insect-resistant trai
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